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Publikationen


Conference contributions | 2010

Gasification of residues and waste wood in a dual fluidized bed steam gasifier

Wilk V, Kitzler H, Hofbauer H. Gasification of residues and waste wood in a dual fluidized bed steam gasifier, ICPS 2010, 7th-9th of September 2010, Leipzig, Germany.

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Because of the limited resources of fossil fuels the efficient use of renewable energy is gaining importance. Renewable energy from biomass reduces CO2 emissions, which is a necessity to protect the global climate. In the dual fluidised bed steam gasifier wood chips are converted to heat, power and other products very successfully. This work presents alternative feedstocks for this process: biomass wastes, such as waste wood, bark and reed. Waste wood and bark have been gasified successfully and first results of these experiments in the pilot plant are presented in this paper. It has been assessed that reed is also an interesting feedstock suitable for the use in fluidised bed gasifiers.


Other publication | 2021

Gemeinsam richtig heizen - Video

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Conference contributions | 2019

GHG emission reduction costs of various technologies in the heating and mobility sectors

Strasser C, Schwarz M, Sturmlechner R, GHG emission reduction costs of various technologies in the heating and mobility sectors. 27th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition (Poster). May 2019.

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Contributions to trade journals | 2012

Global effects of national biomass production and consumption: Austria's embodied HANPP related to agricultural biomass in the year 2000

Haberl H, Kastner T, Schaffartzik A, Ludwiczek N, Erb K-. Global effects of national biomass production and consumption: Austria's embodied HANPP related to agricultural biomass in the year 2000. Ecol Econ. 2012;84:66-73.

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Global trade of biomass-related products is growing exponentially, resulting in increasing 'teleconnections' between producing and consuming regions. Sustainable management of the earth's lands requires indicators to monitor these connections across regions and scales. The 'embodied human appropriation of NPP' (eHANPP) allows one to consistently attribute the HANPP resulting from production chains to consumers. HANPP is the sum of land-use induced NPP changes and biomass harvest. We present the first national-level assessment of embodied HANPP related to agriculture based on a calculation using bilateral trade matrices. The dataset allows (1) the tracing of the biomass-based products consumed in Austria in the year 2000 to their countries of origin and quantifying the HANPP caused in production, and (2) the assigning of the national-level HANPP on Austria's territory to the consumers of the products on the national level. The dataset is constructed along a consistent system boundary between society and ecosystems and can be used to assess Austria's physical trade balance in terms of eHANPP. Austria's eHANPP-trade balance is slightly negative (imports are larger than exports); import and export flows are large in relation to national HANPP. Our findings show how the eHANPP approach can be used for quantifying and mapping the teleconnections related to a nation's biomass metabolism. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Peer Reviewed Scientific Journals | 2022

Glycogen, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) and pigment accumulation in three Synechocystis strains when exposed to a stepwise increasing salt stress

Meixner K, Daffert C, Dalnodar D, Mrázová K, Hrubanová K, Krzyzanek V, Nebesarova J, Samek O, Šedrlová Z, Slaninova E, Sedláček P, Obruča S, Fritz I. Glycogen, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) and pigment accumulation in three Synechocystis strains when exposed to a stepwise increasing salt stress. Journal of Applied Phycology. June 2022. 34 (3):1227 - 1241.

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The cyanobacterial genus Synechocystis is of particular interest to science and industry because of its efficient phototrophic metabolism, its accumulation of the polymer poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and its ability to withstand or adapt to adverse growing conditions. One such condition is the increased salinity that can be caused by recycled or brackish water used in cultivation. While overall reduced growth is expected in response to salt stress, other metabolic responses relevant to the efficiency of phototrophic production of biomass or PHB (or both) have been experimentally observed in three Synechocystis strains at stepwise increasing salt concentrations. In response to recent reports on metabolic strategies to increase stress tolerance of heterotrophic and phototrophic bacteria, we focused particularly on the stress-induced response of Synechocystis strains in terms of PHB, glycogen and photoactive pigment dynamics. Of the three strains studied, the strain Synechocystis cf. salina CCALA192 proved to be the most tolerant to salt stress. In addition, this strain showed the highest PHB accumulation. All the three strains accumulated more PHB with increasing salinity, to the point where their photosystems were strongly inhibited and they could no longer produce enough energy to synthesize more PHB.


Conference contributions | 2017

GrateAdvance - Advanced adjustable grate solutions for future fuel flexible biomass combustion technologies

Feldmeier S, Wopienka E, Schwarz M. GrateAdvance - Advanced adjustable grate solutions for future fuel flexible biomass combustion technologies. 5th Central European Biomass Conference, Workshop Highlights of Bioenergy Research 2017 (oral presentation). January 2017, Graz, Austria.

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Conference contributions | 2020

GrateAdvance - Advanced adjustable grate solutions for future fuel flexible biomass combustion technologies

Barroso G, Essl M, Feldmeier S, Mehrabian R, Nussbaumer T, Öhman M, Reiterer T, Schwarz M, Shiehnejad-Hesar A, Wopienka E. GrateAdvance - Advanced adjustable grate solutions for future fuel flexible biomass combustion technologies. 6th Central European Biomass Conference, 2020, Graz.

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Conference contributions | 2020

GrateAdvance – Advanced adjustable grate solutions for future fuel flexible biomass combustion technologies

Barroso G, Essl M, Feldmeier S, Mehrabian R, Nussbaumer T, Öhman M, Reiterer T, Schwarz M, Shiehnejad-Hesar A, Wopienka E. GrateAdvance – Advanced adjustable grate solutions for future fuel flexible biomass combustion technologies. 6th Central European Biomass Conference - IEA-Workshop: TASK 32 (oral presentation). 2020.

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Scientific Journals | 2017

Green P – Nutzung von Verkehrsflächen zur Biomasseproduktion

Lichtenegger K, Zellinger M, Schipfer F. Green P – Nutzung von Verkehrsflächen zur Biomasseproduktion. Biobased Future 7. Jänner 2017.

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Other Publications | 2020

GreenGas die Alternative zu Erdgas

Strasser C, Luisser M, Drosg B. GreenGas die Alternative zu Erdgas. TGA Planung 2021. December 2020.

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Conference contributions | 2010

Grid autarchy of automated pellets combustion systems by the means of thermoelectric generators

Höfteberger E, Moser W, Aigenbauer S, Friedl G, Haslinger W. Grid autarchy of automated pellets combustion systems by the means of thermoelectric generators, Thermoelectrics goes Automotive 2010, 9th-10th of December 2010, Berlin, Germany.

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Other Presentations | 2014

H2S and NH3 tolerance of acidophilic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria

Rachbauer L, Lorber G, Ortner M, Bochmann G. H2S and NH3 tolerance of acidophilic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria, 4th Central European Biomass Conference 2014, 15th-18th of January 2014, Graz, Austria.

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Technical Reports | 2020

Handbook: Technical options for retrofiting industries with bioenergy

Rutz D, Janssen R, Reumerman P, Spekreijse J, Matschegg M, Bacovsky D, et al. Handbook: Technical options for retrofiting industries with bioenergy. March 2020

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Conference Papers | 2016

Harmonised Greenhouse Gas Calculations for Electricity, Heating and Cooling from Biomass

Ludwiczek N, Bacovsky D, Sonnleitner A, Strasser C. Harmonised Greenhouse Gas Calculations for Electricity, Heating and Cooling from Biomass. e-nova 2016 (oral presentation). November 2016, Pinkafeld, Austria.

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Conference Papers | 2017

HCNG or hythane production from biomass steam gasification

Kraussler M, Priscak J, Hofbauer H. HCNG or hythane production from biomass steam gasification. 5th Central European Biomass Conference (oral presentation). January 2017, Graz, Austria.

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Reviewed Conference Papers | 2015

Heat pump enhanced heat recovery from flue gas of wood chips combustion

Hebenstreit B, Schwabl M, Höftberger E, Kronberger B, Gappmayr B, Gautsch H, Lundgren J, Toffolo A. Heat pump enhanced heat recovery from flue gas of wood chips combustion, INFUB 10th European Conference on Industrial Furnace and Boilers 2015, 7th-10th of April 2015, Porto, Portugal.

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Conference contributions | 2012

High efficient industrial process carbon capture (CC) – Field tests

Martini S, Kleinhappl M, Zeisler J. High efficient industrial process carbon capture (CC) – Field tests, 20th European Biomass Conference 2012, 18th-22nd of June 2012, Milano, Italy. p 1127-1131.

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In large scale industrial processes, such as iron production, or in gasification based process chains (coal/biomass to synthesis gas, fuel, or power, etc.), the separation of CO2 (Carbon Capture-CC) can lead to ecological and procedural benefits. Chemical absorption of CO2 is a well proved technology for CC with comparatively low electrical energy demand. However, the high heat demand, absorption kinetics, CO2 capacity and sorbent degradation are limiting factors for the industrial application. Further investigation and development of sorbent-solutions in relation to specific gas conditions are necessary for optimisation. For testing different sorbent-solutions a mobile test plant was designed and built up. Focus of this work was the evaluation of process key data for CC in blast furnace gas under real conditions. The tests have been carried out continuously up to 300 hours. Aqueous monoethanol-amine (MEA), diethanol-amine (DEA) and methyl-diethanol-amine (MDEA) solutions have been investigated. Detailed analyses of the process gas, analyses of used liquids (chemical properties, degradation products) and the examination of process data lead to further development in process design, control strategies for specific applications and give routes for an efficient implementation of CC to increase the benefit in the overall process chain.


Peer Reviewed Scientific Journals | 2019

High Utilization of Humidified Ammonia and Methane in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: An Experimental Study of Performance and Stability

Stöckl B, Preininger M, Subotic V, Gaber C, Seidl M, Sommersacher P, Schröttner H, Hochenauer C. High Utilization of Humidified Ammonia and Methane in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: An Experimental Study of Performance and Stability. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 2019.166:F774-F783.

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Wastewater contains high amounts of unused energy in the form of dissolved ammonia, which can easily be converted into gaseous humidified ammonia via membrane distillation, thus providing a potential fuel for solid oxide fuel cells. This study presents comprehensive investigations of the use of humidified ammonia as the primary fuel component in high-fuel utilization conditions. For these investigations, large planar anode- and electrolyte-supported solid oxide single cells were operated at the respective appropriate temperatures, 800°C and 850°C. Fueled with ammonia, both cells exhibited excellent ammonia conversion ( > 99.5%) in addition to excellent performance output and fuel utilization. In 100 h stability tests performed at 80% fuel utilization, the cells exhibited stable performance, despite scanning electron microscopy analyzes revealing partial impairments to the nickel parts of both cells due to the formation and subsequent decomposition of nickel nitride. This study also demonstrates that methane is a perfect additional fuel component for humidified ammonia streams, as steam supports the internal reforming of methane. Alternating and direct current as well as electrochemical impedance measurements with a variety of ammonia/steam/methane/nitrogen fuel mixtures were used to evaluate the performance potential of the cells, and proved their stability over 48 h in highly polarized conditions.


Conference contributions | 2011

Highlights der Bioenergieforschung

Fercher E. Highlights der Bioenergieforschung, Central Europe Biomass Conference 2011, 26th-29th of January 2011, Graz, Austria.

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Other publication | 2017

Honeycomb catalysts integrated in firewood stoves - potentials and limitations

Reichert G, Haslinger W, Kirchhof JM, Schmidl C, Sedlmayer I, Schwabl M, Stressler H, Sturmlechner R, Wöhler M, Hochenauer C. Honeycomb catalysts integrated in firewood stoves - potentials and limitations. 5th Central European Biomass Conference (oral presentation). January 2017, Graz, Austria.

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Conference contributions | 2020

How to create value chains from different feedstocks

Enigl M, How to create value chains from different feedstocks. 6th Central Eurpean Biomass Conference, 22-254 January 2020, Graz.

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Other Publications | 2019

How to Introduce the Future Transport System

Bacovsky D. How to Introduce the Future Transport System. Transport Decarbonisation Workshop. November 2019.

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Other publication | 2021

HPC - Workshop

Experimentelle Analyse, Simulation und Regelung von Absorptionswärmepumpen/-kältemaschinen

Zlabinger S, Unterberger V, Gölles M, Wernhart M, Rieberer R, Poier H, Rohinger C, Kemmerzehl C, Halmdienst C. Experimentelle Analyse, Simulation und Regelung von Absorptionswärmepumpen/-kältemaschinen. Online-Workshop im Rahmen des FFG-Projekts HPC ("4. Ausschreibung Energieforschung 2017") am 09.04.2021.

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Durch die vermehrte Einbindung von Absorptionswärmepumpen und -kältemaschinen in bestehende und zukünftige Energiesysteme des Kälte- und Wärmesektors kann der Anteil erneuerbarer Energien deutlich gesteigert werden. Um dies erfolgreich umsetzen zu können, müssen die Betriebsstrategien und Regelungen dieser Systeme jedoch in der Lage sein, auch mit dynamischen und stark variierenden Betriebsbedingungen umgehen zu können. Dieser Herausforderung hat sich das von der FFG geförderte Projekt HPC – heat pumping system control gewidmet. Im Rahmen dieses Workshops sollen die Ergebnisse und deren Nutzen für die Praxis präsentiert und diskutiert werden.


Contributions to trade journals | 2015

Hydrogen from the high temperature water gas shift reaction with an industrial Fe/Cr catalyst using biomass gasification tar rich synthesis gas

Chianese, S, Loipersböck J, Malits M, Rauch R, Hofbauer H, Molino A, Musmarra D. Hydrogen from the high temperature water gas shift reaction with an industrial Fe/Cr catalyst using biomass gasification tar rich synthesis gas. Fuel Processing Technology. 2015;132:39-48.

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The high temperature water gas shift reaction (HTS) over an iron/chromium (Fe/Cr) industrial catalyst was investigated in a pilot scale plant consisting of two fixed-bed reactors arranged in series and a biomass-derived tar-rich synthesis gas was used as a feed-stream. CO conversion and selectivity for the water gas shift reaction were evaluated through parameter variation. Four dry gas hourly space velocities (GHSv) and two steam to dry synthesis gas ratios (H2O/SGd) equal to 52% v/v and 60% v/v were investigated at temperatures (T) of 350–450 °C. CO conversion was investigated by varying H2S concentration 180–540 ppmv (dry basis) at a temperature of 425 °C, considering two GHSVd. The highest CO conversion (~ 83%) was observed in the basis case at 60% v/v H2O/SGd, and 450 °C. The catalyst appeared to be resistant to sulfur poisoning deactivation, and achieved 48% CO conversion at the maximum H2S concentration used.


Contributions to trade journals | 2015

Hydrogen from the high temperature water gas shift reaction with an industrial Fe/Cr catalyst using biomass gasification tar rich synthesis gas

Chianese S, Loipersböck J, Malits M, Rauch R, Hofbauer H, Molino A, et al. Hydrogen from the high temperature water gas shift reaction with an industrial Fe/Cr catalyst using biomass gasification tar rich synthesis gas. Fuel Process Technol 2015;132:39-48.

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